Physics II (Electromagnetism & Optics)

Course Code:



3rd Semester

Specialization Category:

Required ( G.B. )

Course Hours:




Course Tutors

Merlemis Nikolaos


Upon successful completion of the course students will be able to:

  • demonstrate a deep understanding of the theoretical foundations of electromagnetism,
  • interpret and critically evaluate the fundamental laws they must apply to deal with complex problems of electromagnetism and geometrical optics,
  • take laboratory measurements of physical quantities and explain the experimental results by connecting them with theory,
  • apply the relevant laws to solve complex problems using the appropriate mathematical tools, discuss the applications of electromagnetism and optics in various scientific areas and collaborate with their fellow students for the preparation of an experimental project,
  • interpret the results of their calculations in relation to the subject of Surveying and the science of Geoinformatics.


General Competences

  • Criticism and self-criticism
  • Search for, analysis and synthesis of data and information,
  • with the use of the necessary technology
  • Adapting to new situations
  • Working independently
  • Team work
  • Production of new research ideas



Theoretical part:

  1. Electrostatics, Coulomb’s law, electric field, electric dipoles, Gauss’s law, potential, calculation of electrical potentials, electrostatic fields in matter. Electric field energy, capacitance and capacitors, polarization and dielectric materials. Electric current, resistance and DC circuits, Kirchhoff’s rules, electrical measurement instruments.
  2. Magnetostatics, magnetic field and forces, magnetic flux, motion of charged particles in a magnetic field, magnetic dipoles and magnetic dipole moment. Biot-Savart Law, calculation of magnetic fields. Ampere’s law, paramagnetic, diamagnetic and ferromagnetic materials.
  3. Electromagnetic induction, Faraday’s law, induced electric fields. Mutual induction, self-inductance, magnetic field energy, R-L, L-C and L-R-C circuits. Alternating current (AC), phasors, power in AC, resonance.
  4. Maxwell’s equations in differential and integral form. Time-varying E/M field, electromagnetic waves, wave equation, energy and momentum of electromagnetic waves, Poynting vector, radiation pressure.
  5. Nature and propagation of light, reflection and refraction laws.
  6. Introduction to geometric optics: prisms, mirrors, lenses, simple optical instruments (eye, camera, telescope).
  7. Introduction to wave optics, interference, diffraction. Scattering and polarization of light. Instrument resolution. Light sources and detectors. Introduction to interferometry.


Laboratory part:
Measurements – errors, graphs, capacitor charging, electrical resistivity measurement of conductors, effect of a magnetic field on an electron beam, refraction of a laser light beam on transparent material, optical prism refraction, spectroscope calibration, focal length measurement of a lens, oscilloscope measurements.



Assessment language: Greek (English for ERASMUS students upon request)
Performance evaluation method:
• Final Written Exam (70% of the final grade) of graded difficulty, which may include short-answer questions, open-ended questions and solving simple and complex problems.
• Evaluation of laboratory work (30% of the final grade) which includes written work, essay/report of laboratory measurements and oral examination during the measurements.

The evaluation criteria have been presented to the students before the final examination. Students can see their evaluation upon request and receive clarifications on their grades.



– Suggested bibliography:
1. Young Hugh D, Freedman R, 2016, University Physics with Modern Physics (volume B), Pearson Education Ltd.
2. Halliday David, Resnick Robert, Walker Jearl, 2014, Fundamentals of Physics (volume B), John Wiley and Sons Inc.
3. Raymond A. Serway, John W. Jewett, 2012, Physics for Scientists and Engineers, CENGAGE Learning

– Related academic journals:
1. Nature, Macmillan Publishers Limited
2. Physical Review Letters, American Physical Society
3. Journal of Physics A,B,C,D, Institute of Physics
4. European Journal of Physics, Institute of Physics